Situated at the heart of the Peninsula, is the capital of Spain, Madrid. It sits right in the center of the Castillian plain. The bustling city of Madrid is not just a cosmopolitan city but a business center as well. Here you'll find the public offices such as the Spanish Parliament, Government, Public Administration, and even home of the Spanish Royal Family. Madrid is also known for three things: its cultural background, the arts, and a very upbeat nightlife. During the 1st century, Madrid was thought to have been established by Arab Emir Mohamed I. It became a fortress by the Manzanares River at that time. The city had become a cause of a dispute between the Arabs and the Christians. Finally, it was in the 11th century that Alonso VI conquered it. Let's go over some of the popular attractions and historic sites of the city below.
During the 14th to 15th centuries, two buildings were built in the Plaza de la Villa. There was the Casa, also known as the house, and the second one was the Torre de los Lujanes or tower. It was in the Tower of Lujanes that France's King Francis I was held prisoner. The Hemeroteca Municipal sits at the right of the tower and features a Mudejar doorway. Further away from the Plaza de la Villa are the Puerta del Sol, Calle Mayor, Calle del Nuncio, and the Plaza del Marques de Comillas. Here you'll find the oldest church in the city, which is the San NicolÃƒÂ¡s de los Servitas. The church features a Moorish style in its tower. This serves as a reminder from the Arab occupation. Another church within the vicinity is the Church of San Pedro el Real or el Viejo. Its Mudejar style is very visible in the bell tower of the church. During the seventeenth century, Madrid became enclosed with a defensive wall. It served as protection for the new areas outlined by Segovia, Toledo, and Valencia. When the 19th century came, it was Joseph Bonaparte who had reformed Puerto del Sol and the neighboring towns. The Gran Via was one of the commercial streets constructed at the start of the century. It was one of the East-West avenues built during that time. By the 1950s, Paseo de la Castellana was renovated and extended. More modern buildings were erected and more financial institutions and banks were set up during that time. Today, the only remnants that have been preserved are the Baroque, and the 17th to 18th century neoclassical buildings. The buildings created include the Plaza Mayor or the Main Square, and the Palacio Royale. More attractions are waiting once you visit the busting city of Madrid. You can visit the Almuden Cathedral and San Fernando Bella Artes among many others. If you want to discover some of the collections of Madrid's Museum, a trip to the Museo del Traje, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, and Museo de Sorollo is what you need. A lot of bars, clubs, and other entertainment areas await you here in the City of Madrid.
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